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03 Matematika 4 - 1

03 Matematika 4 - 1

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Jedan, dva, tri ... petsto pedeset hiqada, petsto pedeset hiqada jedan .... milion. Da bismo

izbrojali do milion, morali bismo da brojimo 35 dana po 8 ~asova dnevno.

Da bi se na~inio krug oko Zemqine kugle,

33 miliona qudi bi trebalo da se uhvate za ruke.

Sa milion koraka pe{ak pre|e 700km.

Kada bi `eleo da stigne do Meseca,

trebalo bi da napravi 549 miliona koraka.

Nastavi da broji{ i zapisuje{ po milion.

1.

1000000

2000000

1 milion

2 miliona

......................................

......................................

......................................

10000000

......................................

......................................

......................................

......................................

10 miliona

1 desetica miliona je 10 miliona

1 desetica miliona = 1DM

1DM = 10M

11.

2.

...33 000 000.

33000000.

34

10000000

20000000

10 miliona

20 miliona

......................................

......................................

......................................

100000000

......................................

......................................

......................................

......................................

100 miliona

Nastavi da broji{ i zapisuje{ po 10 miliona.

2.

Brojimo po sto miliona do milijarde:

3.

1 stotina miliona je 10 desetica miliona

1 stotina miliona= 1SM

1SM = 10DM

Milijarda je 1000 miliona i pi{e se sa 9 nula:

1000000000

1Md = 1000M

Napi{i ciframa brojeve:

sto miliona

.........................................

~etiristo miliona

.........................................

{eststo miliona

.........................................

devetsto miliona

.........................................

milijarda (hiqadu miliona)

.........................................

1 milijarda je 10 stotina miliona

1Md (milijarda) = 10SM

35

sto miliona

1SM

100000000

dvesta miliona

2SM

200000000

.......................................................................

3SM

300000000

~etiristo miliona

4SM

400000000

.......................................................................

5SM

500000000

{eststo miliona

6SM

600000000

.......................................................................

7SM

700000000

.......................................................................

8SM

800000000

.......................................................................

9SM

900000000

hiqadu miliona (milijarda)

10SM

1000000000

Napi{i re~ima slede}e brojeve:

a) 1000000

.................................................................................

1000000000

........................................................................

100000

....................................................................................

1000

..........................................................................................

10000

.......................................................................................

b) 800000

.................................................................................

30000

...................................................................................

7000

......................................................................................

6000000

.............................................................................

700000000

........................................................................

5.

a) Napi{i re~ima brojeve iz tabele.

b) Napi{i kako se ~itaju slede}i brojevi:

4.

klasa
miliona

klasa
hiqada

klasa
jedinica

SM

DM

M

SH

DH

H

S

D

J

5

3

4

5

6

8

9

2

0

6

0

3

8

7

5

5

0

4

2

8

1

6

0

3

5345689pet milionatrista ~etrdeset pet hiqada{eststo osamdeset devet

..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................

..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................

..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................

..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Svaka klasa ima svoje stotine,

desetice i jedinice.

20603875

.....................................................................................................................................................................................................

....................................................................................................................................................................................................

504281603

..................................................................................................................................................................................................

..................................................................................................................................................................................................

36

Vi{ecifrene brojeve ~itamo sleva

nadesno. Svaku klasu ~itamo kao

zaseban trocifreni broj. Uz svaki taj

broj navodi se naziv klase, osim za

klasu jedinica.

37

6.U tabeli su zapisani brojevi koje nazivamo DEKADNE JEDINICE.

a) Napi{i ciframa redom sve dekadne jedinice od 1000 do 1000000.

........................................................................................................................................................................................................................

b) Napi{i ciframa sve dekadne jedinice od 1000000000 do 10.

........................................................................................................................................................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................................................................................................

v) Koliko puta je svaka dekadna jedinica ve}a od prethodne?

....................................................................................

........................................................................................................................................................................................................................

g) Dopuni:

1Md =

.................SM =

.................DM =

.................M

Md

SM

DM

M

SH

DH

H

S

D

J

1

1

0

1

0

0

1

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

1

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

0

38

Napi{i re~ima slede}e brojeve:

3261984

...........................................................................................................................................................................................................

22222222

........................................................................................................................................................................................................

35000000

........................................................................................................................................................................................................

7000700

...........................................................................................................................................................................................................

230811808

.....................................................................................................................................................................................................

48031040

........................................................................................................................................................................................................

626073760

.....................................................................................................................................................................................................

1.

Napi{i ciframa:

osam miliona osamsto tri hiqade pet

.........................................................

trideset miliona {ezdeset hiqada dvesta

.........................................................

dvadeset pet miliona ~etiristo {ezdeset osam hiqada dvesta devedeset

.........................................................

petsto pedeset pet miliona petsto pet hiqada petsto pedeset

.........................................................

2.

Napi{i najmawi:

sedmocifreni broj

..................................................

osmocifreni broj

........................................................

devetocifreni broj

.....................................................

3.

Napi{i bilo koja tri broja:

4.
4.

1000

10000

100000

1000000

1000000

10000000

a) ve}a od

b) mawa od

[ta zna~i poslovica:

„Re~i se mere, a ne broje“?

.....................................................

.....................................................

.....................................................

U tabeli su dati podaci o broju stanovnika za neke evropske dr`ave:

a) Napi{i re~ima broj stanovnika:

Italije

...............................................................................................................................................................................................................

Velike Britanije

.........................................................................................................................................................................................

Srbije i Crne Gore

.....................................................................................................................................................................................

Ma|arske

..........................................................................................................................................................................................................

Nema~ke

.............................................................................................................................................................................................................

Austrije

.............................................................................................................................................................................................................

Gr~ke

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................

b) Koja od ovih dr`ava ima najmawi broj stanovnika?

..........................................................

v) Koje od navedenih dr`ava imaju mawe od 50 000 000 stanovnika?

..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

g) Pore|aj dr`ave po broju stanovnika od najve}e do najmawe:

..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

4.
5.

Upi{i u prazna poqa odgovaraju}i znak nejednakosti (< ili >):

693300

9643400

203484

203480

936891010

396911010

93615203

93609314

4.
6.

dr`ava

broj stanovnika

Gr~ka

10 668 354

Italija

58 103 033

Austrija

8 184 691

Srbija i Crna Gora10 829 175

Nema~ka

82 431 390

Ma|arska

10 006 835

Velika Britanija

60 441 457

39

IT

GB

D

11, 2, 3...

,2,3...

40

4.
7.

Za ~itawe brojeva ve}ih od milion uvodi se klasa milijardi. Ta klasa, kao i ostale, ima svoje

jedinice milijardi (Md), desetice milijardi (DMd) i stotine milijardi (SMd).

klasa
milijardi

klasa
miliona

klasa
hiqada

klasa
jedinica

SMdDMd

Md

SM

DM

M

SH

DH

H

S

D

J

9

5

2

6

8

3

9

4

7

1

2

3

4

0

0

9

3

4

7

2

3

1

0

6

0

0

5

0

0

1

0

0

8

1

0

0

8

9

0

1

0

0

0

1

0

1

0

9

2

5

7

8

9

Prvi broj u tabeli zapisujemo kao 952683947123 i ~itamo:
952 milijarde683 miliona947 hiqada123

Zapi{i ostale brojeve iz tabele:

..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

..................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Zapi{i re~ima slede}e brojeve:

8000056

.............................................................................................................................................................................................................

908991006432

...............................................................................................................................................................................................

8.

Prave}i razmak izme|u klasa, ciframa i re~ima zapi{i brojeve:

9.

ciframa

re~ima

234098111300

...............................................

..........................................................................................................................................

..........................................................................................................................................

93000012311

...............................................

..........................................................................................................................................

..........................................................................................................................................

Zapi{i ciframa:

osam milijardi {eststo hiqada

..............................................................................................................................................................

dvadeset tri milijarde petsto trideset miliona pet

................................................................................................................

10.

Nacrtaj tabele sa klasama jedinica, hiqada, miliona i milijardi i upi{i slede}e brojeve:

a) pet milijardi pedeset miliona dvesta

b) deset milijardi dvesta miliona dvanaest hiqada {est

v) sto pet milijardi {esnaest hiqada sto pedeset tri

g) milijarda

11.

a) broj stanovnika

na Zemqinoj kugli

............................................

b) tri podatka koji su izra`eni brojevima ve}im od milion (cena ku}e ili

stana, broj stanovnika neke dr`ave ili grada, povr{ina mora, razdaqina

do nekog nebeskog tela itd.)

Prona|i i napi{i:

podatak

broj

41

Ako `eli{ da sazna{ ne{to zanimqivo o broju otkucaja qudskog srca idi na slede}i veb-sajt:

http://www.figurethis.org/challenges/c02/challenge.htm

42

1. Za koga se ka`e da je milioner?

.........................................................................................

.........................................................................................

2. Re~ milionpoti~e iz italijanskog jezika.
Prvi put se sre}e u prvoj {tampanoj
kwizi aritmetike iz 1478. godine.

3. Kada bi desetogodi{wi de~ak po~eo

da broji do milijardu, i kada bi svakod-

nevno brojao po 8 ~asova, brojawe bi

zavr{io kao starac od preko 100 godina.

4. Pored milijarde (1000000000), koja predstavqa

broj koji se sastoji od cifre 1 i devet nula, postoje

nazivi i za ve}e brojeve:

bilion 1000000000000 (milion miliona)

trilion 1000000000000000000 (milion biliona)

kvadrilion 1000000000000000000000000

(milion triliona) itd.

5. Broj koji se sastoji od cifre 1 i 100 dopisanih

nula naziva se gugol(Googol). Taj naziv je smislio

devetogodi{wi de~ak Milton Sirota, po{to ga je

wegov stric, matemati~ar Edvard Kasner, zamolio

da to u~ini. Od te re~i poti~e i naziv Google

kako se zove jedan

od najve}ih

pretra`iva~a

Interneta.

De{ifrujte broj:

=

+

=

:

=

+

=

= •

= 1

=+

=

=

.................................................................................

1, 2, 3 ...

... 1 000 000 000

klasa
milijardi

klasa
miliona

klasa
hiqada

klasa
jedinica

SMdDMd

Md

SM

DM

M

SH

DH

H

S

D

J

1.Slede}e brojeve napi{i re~ima.

2500

..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................

28401

.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................

71100

.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................

9999

..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................

120000

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................

999999

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................

1020101

.................................................................................................................................................................................................................

1020

..........................................................................................................................................................................................................................

10002100

..............................................................................................................................................................................................................

123156273410

...................................................................................................................................................................................................

......................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

2.U tablicu sa klasama upi{i brojeve:

a) ~etiri milijarde dvadeset miliona;

b) jedanaest milijardi sto miliona deset hiqada;

v) milion dvesta pedeset hiqada sto trideset jedan;

g) deset hiqada osamsto trideset {est;

d) osamsto osamnaest miliona osamnaest.

43

3.U tabeli su dati podaci o udaqenosti nekih

planeta od planete Zemqe:

4.Odredi mesne vrednosti cifara, sleva nadesno, u broju 32624701.

3

.............................................., 2

.............................................., 6

.............................................., 2

..............................................,

4

.............................................., 7

.............................................., 0

.............................................., 1

...............................................

44

ime planete

udaqenost od Zemqe u km

Mars

78345520

Pluton

5763998240

Uran

2721433440

Neptun

4347540560

Saturn

1277404480

Jupiter

628788880

MerkurVenera

Zemqa

a) Napi{i re~ima koliko je od Zemqe udaqen:

Saturn

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Neptun

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Pluton

...................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Mars

.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Uran

........................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Jupiter

..................................................................................................................................................................................................................

b) Koja je od planeta iz tabele najbli`a Zemqi, a koja je od we najudaqenija?

..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................

v) Koje su od navedenih planeta od Zemqe udaqene mawe od 1000000000km?

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

g) Pore|aj planete iz tabele po udaqenosti od Zemqe, po~ev od one koja je najbli`a.

....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

d) Upi{i pored svake planete na slici wen naziv.

5.Odredi mesnu vrednost

svake napisane cifre 8

u broju 800808080.

6.Nastavi da upisuje{ neposredne prethodnike i sledbenike, kao {to je zapo~eto.

7.Pore|aj navedene brojeve po veli~ini, po~ev od najmaweg:

42369, 1650, 3213121, 67821111, 2313121, 67782111.

............................................................................................................................................................................................................................

8.Uo~i pravilo i popuni prazna mesta.

a)

8

0

0

8

0

8

0

8

0

120000

220000

420000

b)

2324509

2324519

9.Predstavi broj u obliku zbira:

270908 = 200000 + 70000 + 900 +8

34026 =

............................................................................................................................................................................................................

300059 =

..........................................................................................................................................................................................................

289794 =

..........................................................................................................................................................................................................

8905621 =

......................................................................................................................................................................................................

293900600 =

.................................................................................................................................................................................................

2324549

6254320

6254321

6254322

506372009

8231

8999999

99999

1000000000

45

10.Zapi{i kao u primeru.

8000 + 300 + 20 + 1 = 8 321

30000 + 8000 + 50 + 5 =

700000 + 20000 + 500 =

8000000 + 7000 + 30 =

Pove`i iste brojeve.

11.

Upi{i u prazna poqa odgovaraju}i znak nejednakosti (< ili >).

387

837

47000

46000000

9246

9245

60606

9999

4001

4010

62350

62305

3405

34000

86732

836752

12.

Odredi veze izme|u dekadnih jedinica i upi{i odgovaraju}e brojeve.

1Md =

.............................M

1M =

.............................DH

1SH =

.............................S

1DH =

.............................S

1H =

.............................D

1M =

.............................D

13.

6 hiqada 325

6 miliona 325 hiqada

214 milijardi 23 miliona 7 hiqada

2M 1SH 4H 2S 3D 7J

{eststo miliona trista dvadeset pet

600000325

60325

6325

214023007000

2104237

6325000

46

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