Ono sto je vrlo bitno u engleskom jeziku je red reci u recenici.

to vam nece predstavljati nikakav problem ukoliko upamtite vrlo jednostavnu "formulu". SVOMPT je sve sto bi trebalo da znate kako bi red reciu vasoj recenici bio pravilan. Naravno, potrebno je znati i sta ova slova oznacavaju. S (subject) - subjekat V (verb) - glagol O (object) - objekat M (manner) - prilog za nacin P (place) - prilog za mesto T (time) - prilog za vreme Ukoliko pratite ovaj logicki sled ovih elemenata, recenice koje pisete ili izgovarate na engleskom jeziku ce biti gramaticki tacke. Veliki broj ljudi kojima je maternji jezik engleski ne znaju za SVOMPT i prilicno grese. Neki se pak oslanjaju na osecaj koji, vrlo cesto, moze da izneveri. Zbog toga je najbolje odvojiti par minuta i memorisati sled ovih elemenata. Primer: I bought an umbrella by a mistake at the supermarket yesterday. S-I V - bought O - an umbrella M - by a mistake P - at the supermarket T - yesterday U zavisnosti od toga sta zelimo da kazemo ili naglasimo, ne moraju svi elementi biti ukljuceni. Vrlo cesto mozemo imati samo SVO (subjekat-glagol-objekat). I like you. S - I V - like O - you Prosta recenica se sastoji samo od subjekta i glagola. He works. S - he V - works

POMOCNI GLAGOLI U ENGLESKOM JEZIKU (Auxiliary Verbs)
Pomocni glagoli sluze za gradjenje glagolskih vremena kako u srpskom, tako i u engleskom jeziku. Oni, na neki nacin predstavljaju nocnu moru ucenicima zbog toga sto pomocni glagoli u engleskom jeziku mogu imati i funkciju glavnih
glagola.

da li je on? Is she .ona nije it is not .jesi li? Is he .oni su skraceni oblik: I'm.ja sam you are .on je she is .jesam li? Are you .ti si he is .ti nisi he is not .ono je we are ..ja nisam you are not . proslog vremena i futura..jesmo li? Are you .minismo you are not . to be 2.da li je ona? Is it . you're. he isn't. he's.ono nije we are not . Am I . to do 3..vi ste they are . Isti je slucja i u engleskom jeziku.da li je ono? Are we .Postoje tri pomocna glagola: 1.jesu li? . to have TO BE (biti) Ovaj glagol ne predstavlja veliki problem prilikom ucenja s obzirom da i u nasem jeziku postoji pomocni glagol biti.on nije she is not . Present Tense (sadasnje vreme) I am .oni nisu skraceni oblik: you aren't. I am not .mi smo you are .ona je it is . glagol biti u srpskom jeziku ima funkciju gradjenja prezenta.jeste li? Are they .. Kako vec znate.vi niste they are not .

you'll.nije bila it was not . Was I .mi cemo you will .ja cu you will .da li smo bili Were you ..da li ste bili Were they .mi smo bili you were .vi cete they will .da li je bio Was she . I will not (won't) .oni su bili I was not .da li je bilo Were we .da li su bili Future Tense (buduce vreme) I will .ona ce it will .nisu bili skraceni oblik: I wasn't.da li je bila Was it .vi ste bili they were .on ce she will .ono ce we will ..on je bio she was .Past Tense (proslo vreme) I was .da li si bio/la Was he .nisam bio/la You were not .da li sam bio/la Were you ..oni ce skraceni oblik: I'll.nisi bio/la he was not .ona je bila it was .ti si bio/la he was .ja sam bio/la you were .ti ces he will . you weren't.nije bio she was not .nismo bili you were not .ti neces .niste bili they were not .nije bilo we were not .ja necu you will not .ono je bilo we were .

Glagol TO BE u proslom vremenu ima oblike: was i were. DO se koristi za I. U proslom vremenu on glasi DID i isti je za sva lica. . ili skraceno I don't want to go there. she i it).ona nece it will not . Upitni oblik se gradi inverzijom subjekta i pomocnog glagola. we. you.da li ces will he . DOES se koristi samo za 3. they. TO DO (ciniti.lice jednine (he. She does not live here. ili skraceno I didn't want to go there. glagoli DO/DOES i DID nisu vidljivi u potvrdnom obliku iako postoje. sadasnje vreme: I do not want to go there. nije preporucljivo da se pocetnici zamaraju ovom informacijom jer ce ona za njih biti vrlo konfuzna.da li ce ona will it . Odricni oblik se gradi tako sto se na pomocni glagol doda recca NOT.oni nece will I . U recenicama u prostom sadasnjem i prostom proslom vremenu. Odricni oblik se gradi kada se na pomocni glagol doda recca NOT. raditi) Ovaj pomocni glagol u engleskom jeziku sluzi za gradjenje prostog sadasnjeg i prostog proslog vremena i ima dva oblika za sadasnje vreme (DO i DOES).da li ce on will she . ili skraceno She doesn't live here.ono nece we will not .da li cu will you .da li cete will they .da li cemo will we .vi necete they will not .da li ce oni Zakljucak: Glagol TO BE u sadasnjem vremenu ima oblike: am. Medjutim.on nece she will not .he will not .mi necemo you will not . proslo vreme: I did not want to go there.da li ce ono will we . Potvrdni oblik se gradi tako sto pomocni glagol dolazi nakon licne zamenice. Glagol TO BE u buducem vremenu ima oblik will. is i are.

you. She has been there.lice jednine (he. she i it). U proslom vremenu on glasi HAD i isti je za sva lica. proslo vreme: I had not been there ili skraceno I hadn't been there. HAVE se koristi za I.Upitni oblik se gradi inverzijom subjekta i pomocnog glagola. sadasnje vreme: I have not been there ili skraceno I haven't been there. sadasnje vreme: Do you live here? Does he live here? proslo vreme: Did you live here? TO HAVE (imati) Sa ovim pomocnim glagolom tvore se perfektivni glagolski oglici i perfektivna vremena (sadasnje perfektivno vreme i pluskvamperfekat). proslo vreme: I had been there. Potvrdni oblik: sadasnje vreme: I have been there. we they. HAS se koristi samo za 3. Odricni oblik se gradi dodavanjem recce NOT na pomocni glagol. Upitni oblik se gradi inverzijom subjekta i pomocnog glagola. She has not been there ili skraceno She hasn't been there. sadasnje vreme: Have you been there? Has she been there? proslo vreme: Had you been there? . Kao i prethodnipomocni glagol i ovaj ima dva oblika za sadasnje vreme (HAVE i HAS).

obavezu i raspored. ? Upitni oblik Do/Does (za 3.Odricni oblik Subjekat + does not ili skraceno doesn't (za 3. odricni se oblik se gradi tako sto se na pomocni glagol. u ovom slucaju TO DO doda recca NOT..lice jednine) + subjekat + glavni glagol *Prilikom gradjenja upitnog oblika. He doesn't work every day. + Potvrdni oblik Subjekat + glavni glagol (za 3. manje-vise. To znaci da se ovo vreme oznacava neku cinjenicu. *Upitni oblik se gradi inverzijom (zamenom mesta) subjekta i pomocnog glagola.lice jednine. kako potvrdna i odricna tako i upitna. na glavni glagol se ne dodaje nastavak -s za 3. naviku.lice jednine se na glavni glagol dodaje nastavak -s) I work every day. Do you work every day? Does he work every day? Priloske odredbe koje se koriste za ovo vreme kako bi pokazale ucestalost radnji su: always. potvrdni oblik . He works every day. periodicno ponavljaju.lice jednine I don't work every day. na glavni glagol se ne dodaje nastavk -s za 3. Kao primer. prikazacu kako se gradi cela recenica u ovom vremenu.GLAGOLSKA VREMENA (TENSES) THE SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE/Prosto sadasnje vreme Upotreba: Sadasnje prosto vreme se koristi za radnje koje se desavaju uvek ili se. Kako bi bilo jasnije.spavati. usually.lice jednine) / do not ili skraceno don't (za sva ostala lica)+ glavni glagol *Prilikom gradjenja odricnog oblika. * Dakle. occasionally. every day/week/month/year. often.. . Forma: Za gradjenje ovog vremena koristi se pomocni glagol TO DO. uzecemo glagol sleep .

tre a kolona): play ± played work ± worked sleep ± slept Potvrdni oblik Jednina (singular) I have (I`ve)worked ± Ja sam radio You have (You`ve)worked ± Ti si radio He has (He`s)worked ± On je radio She has (She`s) worked ± Ona je radila It has (It`s) worked ± Ono je radio Jednina (singular) Mno ina (plural) We have (We`ve) worked ± Mi smo radili You have (You`ve) worked ± Vi ste radili They have (They`ve) worked± Oni su radili Mno ina (plural) . Pro li particip se kod pravilnih glagola gradi kada se na infinitiv doda nastavak ±ed.I sleep You sleep He sleeps She sleeps It sleeps We sleep You sleep They sleep odricni oblik I don't sleep You don't sleep He doesn't sleep She doesn't sleep It doesn't sleep We don't sleep You don't sleep They don't sleep upitni oblik Do I sleep? Do you sleep? Does he sleep? Does she sleep? Does it sleep? DO we sleep? Do you sleep? Do they sleep? THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE (SADA NJE SVR ENO VREME) Present Perfect Tense (Sada nje svr eno vreme) se gradi od glagola TO HAVE u Present Simple Tense-u (Prostom sada njem vremenu). tj. have/has i past participle-a (pro log participa) glavnog glagola. Kod nepravilnih glagola pro li particip ima druga iji oblik (tzv.

they haven`t. Moramo da idemo stepenicama. (U poslednje vreme nije imao mnogo sre e. it hasn`t. you haven`t Have you worked? ± Yes you have / No. Upitni oblik ± Yes/No questions Jednina (singular) Have I worked? ± Da li sam ja radio? Have you worked? ± Da li si ti radio? Has he worked? ± Da li je on radio?Has she worked? ± Da li je ona radila? Has it worked? ± Da li je ono radilo? Mno ina (plural) Have we worked? ± Da li smo mi radili? Have you worked? ± Da li ste vi radili? Have they worked? ± Da li su oni radili? Na Yes/No pitanja se odgovara kratkim odgovorima (Short answers) na slede i na in: Have I worked?±Yes. Has it worked? ± Yes. te se stoga uy njega esto nalazi vremenska odrednica just (upravo) She has just gone out. lately. It looks lovely. Vremenski period koji traje esto je ozna en sa today. I haven`t Have we worked? .. Jo uvek ih ponekad mo e videti. he hasn`t. Izgledaju odli no. We have to use the stairs.) · Pro lu radnju koja ima vidljive rezultate (posledice) u sada njosti.I have (I`ve) slept ± Ja sam spavao You have (You`ve) slept ± Ti si spavao He has slept (He`s) ± On je spavao She has slept (She`s) ± Ona je spavala It has slept (It`s) ± Ono je spavalo We have slept (We`ve) ± Mi smo spavali You have slept (You`ve) ± Vi ste spavali They have slept (They`ve) ± Oni su spavali Upitni oblik glagola u Present Perfect Tense-u (Sada njem svr enom vremenu) se gradi inverzijom (u odnosu na potvrdni oblik)pomo nog glagola TO HAVE (u sada njem vremenu) i li ne zamenice.. I have / No. recently. (Putovao sam u Ameriku.) I have washed the car. she has/ No. we haven`t Has he worked? ± Yes. we Haven`t.questions Jednina (singular) Where have I worked? ± Gde sam ja radio? Where have you worked? ± Gde si ti radio? Where has he worked? ± Gde je on radio? Where has she worked? ± Gde je ona radila? Where has it worked? ± Gde je ono radilo? Mno ina (plural) Where have we worked? ± Gde smo mi radili? Where have you worked? ± Gde ste vi radili? Where have they worked? ± Gde su oni radili? Odri ni oblik se gradi od odri nog obika glagola Have (odnosno Has za tre e lice jednine) i Past Participle-a glavnog glagola. you have / No. we have / No. I have seen wolves in that forest.) He has had a lot of bad luck recently. I haven`t seen him today. Has she worked? ± Yes. she hasn`t. (Video sam vukove u toj umi. they have / No. he has / No. The lift has broken down. (Oprao sam kola. (Lift se pokvario.) · Radnju koja je de ava u nezavr enom vremenskom periodu.) . (Nisam ga danas video. Have you worked? ± Yes.) · Radnju koja se desila u pro losti u neko neodre eno vreme: I have travelled to America. this morning / afternoon / evening / week / month / year / century. Odri ni oblik Jednina (singular) I have not (haven`t) worked ± Ja nisam radio You have not (haven`t) worked ± Ti ne radi He has not (hasn`t) worked ± On nije radio She has not (hasn`t) worked ± Ona nije radila It has not (hasn`t) worked ± Ono nije radilo Mno ina (plural) We have not (haven`t) worked ± Mi nismo radili You have not (haven`t) worked ± Vi niste radili They have not (haven`t) worked ± Oni nisu radili Upotreba: The Present Perfect Tense (Sada nje svr eno vreme) se koristi za: · Radnju koja je upravo zavr ena. Have they worked? ±Yes. (Ona je upravo iza la.) · Radnju koja se desila u pro losti ali je mogu e da se ponovi u sada njosti. You can still see them sometimes. it has / No.Yes. Upitni oblik ± Wh.

I have. jer se tra i ta no vreme u pro losti. (Bila sam o ajna. She played (play ± igrati). Mary travelled to America last year. (Oni su prijatelji jo od kolskih dana. Ako je ispred ±y samoglasnik.) · · Uz re when ide Past Simple Tense. We have lived here for 10 years. (Slomila sam nogu. jesam.) · Radnju koja je po ela u pro losti i jo uvek traje. (Slomila sam nogu kad mi je bilo deset godina. ±y prelazi u ±i.) Kada opisujemo odre eni doga aj esto emo praviti kombinacije ova dva vremena.) I came to the cashier but there wasn`t a wallet in my bag. (I ao sam pre tri godine. Kada navodimo injenicu do koje je do lo mo emo upotrebiti Present Perfect.) THE SIMPLE PAST TENSE (PROSTO PRO LO VREME) Simple Past Tense (Prosto pro lo vreme) pravilnih glagola se gradi od osnovnog oblika glagola (infinitiv bez to) i nastavka -ed Potvrdni oblik Jednina (singular) I worked ± Ja sam radio You worked ± Ti si radio He worked ± On je radio She worked ± Ona je radila It worked ± Ono je radilo Mno ina (plural) We worked ± Mi smo radili You worked ± Vi ste radili They worked ± Oni su radili Ako se infinitiv glagola zavr ava na ±e. They have been friends since their schooldays. For se koristi da ozna i vremenski period u kojem radnja traje. Na primer: He closed (close ± zatvoriti) Ako se glagol zavr ava na ±y i ukoliko je ispred njega suglasnik. (To se desilo u supermarketu. Mary has travelled to America. (Da.) Since ozna ava trenutak kada je radnja po ela. Na primer: He cried (cry -plakati).) PRESENT PERFECT TENSE and PAST SIMPLE TENSE · Present Perfect Tense se koristi kada govorimo o radnjama koje su se dogodile u neodre enom trenutku u pro losti. (Meri je putovala u Ameriku.) It happened in a supermarket. . (On nikada nije jeo kinesku hranu.) I was desperate. ( ivimo ovde ve 10 godina.) · Past Simple e se upotrebiti kada imamo vremensku frazu koja nam jasno ukazuje na to kada se ne to odigralo u pro losti. (Izgubila sam nov anik. He has never eaten Chenese food.) I broke my leg when I was ten. (Meri je putovala u Ameriku pro le godine. I have lost my wallet.) I have broken my leg. nema promene. nastavak glasi ±d. (Do la sam na kasu ali nov anik nije bio u torbi. Ali ve svaka druga detaljnija informacija vezana za tu situaciju e biti izra ena Past Simple Tense-om. He stayed (stay ± ostati).· U ovom zna enju esto se javljaju i prilozi ever i never da ozna e ivotna iskustva subjekta. Have you ever been to England? (Da li si ikada bio u Engleskoj?) Yes. U tom smislu se koriste for i since.) When did you go there? (Kada si i ao tamo?) I went there three years ago.

taj krajnji suglasnik se podvostru ava pred nastavkom za Simple Past Tense. they did / No.) Sandra closed the window a few minutes ago. I didn¶t Did we work? ± Yes. I did / No.Ukoliko se infinitiv zavr ava na jedan suglasnik ispred koga je kratak. it didn¶t Upitni oblik ± Wh. Upotreba: · Prosto pro lo vreme se koristi za radnju koja je zavr ena u pro losti. Did you work? ± Yes you did / No.-e i sl. we didn¶t Did you work? ± Yes. the day before yesterday ± prekju e. (Pro le nedelje smo odlu ili da kupimo novu ku u. two years ago ± pre dve godine. you did / No. they didn¶t Did she work? ± Yes. Odri ni oblik se gradi od odri nog oblika pomo nog glagola Do u pro lom vremenu i osnovnog oblika glavnog glagola. Upitni oblik glagola u Simple Past Tense-u se gradi od pomo nog glagola Do u pro lom vremenu koji glasi Did i osnovnog oblika glavnog glagola. nagla en samoglasnik. three hours ago ± pre tri sata. (Sandra je zatvorila prozor pre nekoliko minuta. plan ± planned (planirati) stop ± stopped (zaustaviti) Nepravilni glagoli imaju posebne oblike za pro lo vreme i oni se u e napamet. in 1977 ± 1977. it did / No.) Last week we decided to buy a new house. last year ± pro le godine. (Prekju e je Marko kupio lep e ir.) Mno ina (plural) We did not (didn`t) work ± Mi nismo radili You did not (didn`t) work ± Vi niste radili They did not (didn`t) work ± Oni nisu radili .) My father built this house in 1997. (Moj brat je zavr io doma i pre sat vremena. I worked in a shop last year. she did / No. he didn¶t Did they work? ± Yes. he did / No. Odri ni oblik Jednina (singular) I did not (didn`t) work ± Ja nisam radio You did not (didn`t) work ± Ti nisi radio He did not (didn`t) work ± On nije radio She did not (didn`t) work ± Ona nije radila It did not (didn`t) work ± Ono nije radilo Nepravilni glagoli grade odri ni oblik na isti na in. you didn¶t.questions Jednina (singular) Where did I work? ± Gde sam ja radio? Where did you work? ± Gde si ti radio? Where did he work? ± Gde je on radio? Where did she work? ± Gde je ona radila? Where did it work? ± Gde ono radilo? Mno ina (plural) Where did we work? ± Gde smo mi radili? Where did you work? ± Gde ste vi radili? Where did they work? ± Gde su oni radili? Nepravilni glagoli grade upitni oblik na isti na in. (Radio sam u prodavnici pro le godine.-e) The day before yesterday Marko bought a nice hat. we did / No. Karakteristi ne vremenske odrednice uz koje se upotrebljava su: Yesterday ± ju e. last Monday ± pro log ponedeljka. (Moj otac je sagradio ovu ku u 1997. she didn¶t Did it work? ± Yes. you didn¶t Did he work? ± Yes. Upitni oblik ± Yes/No questions Jednina (singular) Did I work? ± Da li sam ja radio? Did you work? ± Da li si ti radio? Did he work? ± Da li je on radio? Did she work? ± Da li jeona radila?Did it work? ± Da li je ono radilo? Mno ina (plural) Did we work? ± Da li smo mi radili? Did you work? ± Da li ste vi radili? Did they work? ± Da li su oni radili? Na Yes/No pitanja se odgovara kratkim odgovorima (Short answers) na slede i na in: Did I work? ± Yes.) My brother finished his homework an hour ago.

what. how many. He kisses (kiss ± ljubiti). l.questions Jednina (singular) Where do I work? ± Gde ja radim? Where do you work? ± Gde ti radi ? Where does he work? ± Gde on radi? Where does she work? ± Gde ona radi? Where does it work? ± Gde ono radi? Mno ina (plural) Where do we work? ± Gde mi radimo? Where do you work? ± Gde vi radite? Where do they work? ± Gde oni rade? Odri ni oblik se gradi od odri nog obika pomo nog glagola Do (odnosno Does za tre e lice jednine) i osnovnog oblika glavnog glagola. Odri ni oblik Jednina (singular) I do not (don`t) work ± Ja ne radim Mno ina (plural) We do not (don`t) work ± Mi ne radimo .pitanja. -x. they do/No. she doesn¶t Does it work? ± Yes. Upitni oblik ± Yes/No questions Jednina (singular) Do I work? ± Da li ja radim? Do you work? ± Da li ti radi ? Does he work? ± Da li on radi? Does she work? ± Da li ona radi? Does it work? ± Da li ono radi? Mno ina (plural) Do we work? ± Da li mi radimo? Do you work? ± Da li vi radite? Do they work? ± Da li oni rade? Na Yes/No pitanja se odgovara kratkim odgovorima (Short answers) na slede i na in: Do I work? ± Yes. Potvrdni oblik Jednina (singular) I work ± Ja radim You work ± Ti radi He works ± On radi She works ± Ona radi It works ± Ono radi Mno ina (plural) We work ± Mi radimo You work ± Vi radite They work ± Oni rade Nastavak ±s u tre em licu jednine mo e imati razli ite oblike. why. jed. It flies (fly ± leteti).pitanja po inju upitnom re ju a one su: when. they don¶t Does she work? ± Yes. we don¶t Do you work? ± Yes.THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE (SADA NJE PROSTO VREME) Simple Present Tense (Prosto sada nje vreme) se gradi od osnovnog oblika glagola (infinitiv bez to). l. She plays (play ± igrati). Sva pitanja se u engleskom jeziku dele na Yes/No pitanja i Wh. -sh. Upitni oblik glagola u Present Simple Tense-u se gradi od pomo nog glagola Do. Do you work? ± Yes. nema promene.. nastavak tako e glasi ±es. how much. Yes/No nemaju upitnu re i na njih se mo e odgovoriti sa Da ili Ne. it doesn¶t Upitni oblik ± Wh. Za sva lica osim za tre e lice jednine potvrdni oblik prostog sada njeg vremena glasi work. odnosno Does (za tre e lice jednine) i osnovnog oblika glavnog glagola. I do / No. where. Ukoliko se glagol zavr ava na vokal o nastavak e glasiti ±es. Ako se glagol zavr ava na ±y i ukoliko je ispred njega suglasnik ±y prelazi u ±ie. glasigoes ili glagol do koji u 3. we do / No. infinitiv sa «to» glagola raditiglasi to work a infinitiv bez «to» glasi work. -ss. you do / No. how. She washes (wash ± prati). She fixes (fix ± popravljati).. he does / No. Ako je ispred ±y samoglasnik. you do / No. he doesn¶t Do they work? ±Yes. you don¶t. He stays (stay ± ostati). Za tre e lice se dodaje ±s. Na primer: He cries (cry -plakati). Ukoliko se glagol zavr ava na ±ch. it does / No. kao u primeru glagola go koji u 3. Izuzetak je glagol have (imati) koji u tre em licu glasi has.Yes. Na primer. jed. she does / No. glasi does. I don¶t Do we work? . Wh.Na primer: He teaches (teach ± predavati). you don¶t Does he work? ± Yes.

(Ja uvek idem u kolu u 8 sati ujutru.Npr.) A day has 24 hours. sometimes.) · Op te istine (ne to to je uvek ta no): People change money in banks. (Ja ustajem u 6 sati. To su: Always (uvek).) My sister plays the piano. (Moja sestra svira klavir) THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE Present Continuous Tense (Sada nje trajno vreme) se gradi od glagola TO BE u Present Simple Tense-u (Prostom sada njem vremenu).) The Sava flows into the Danube. usually. rutine) You do not (don`t) work ± Vi ne radite They do not (don`t) work ± Oni ne rade I get up at 6 o`clock.) The English drink tea at 5 o`clock in the afternoon.You do not (don`t) work ± Ti ne radi He does not (doesn`t) work ± On ne radi She does not (doesn`t) work ± Ona ne radi It does not (doesn`t) work ± Ono ne radi Upotreba: Prosto sada nje vreme se koristi za · Radnje koje se ponavljaju (navike. Npr. never dolaze pre glavnog glagola u potvrdnom obliku. Prilozi always. nagla en samoglasnik.. (Dan ima 24 asa.) We never eat in the living room. tj. twice a year.) The Earth goes around the Sun. Fraze every day. (Ljudi menjaju novac u bankama. once a year (jedanput godi nje). I always go to school at 8 o`clock in the morning.usually (obi no). often ( esto). twice a day (dvaput dnevno). (Sava se uliva u Dunav.) She wears uniform at work.: hit ± udariti stop ± prestati permit ± dopustiti begin ± po eti particip: hitting particip: stopping particip: permitting particip: beginning Krajnje ±l se uvek udvostru ava. never (nikad). every month. often.. obi aji.) · Karakteristike subjekta: He speaks English very well. (Ona nosi uniformu na poslu. every month (svakog meseca). every year(svake godine) i sl.) U ovom smislu se mogu koristiti i prilozi i fraze za u estalost (re i koje ozna avaju koliko esto se de ava radnja). (Zemlja se okre e oko Sunca. three times a week (triput nedeljno) i sl. (Ona obi no pije aj uve e. (On dobro govori engleski.) She usually drinks tea in the evening. (Englezi piju aj u 5 sati popodne. sometimes (ponekad). naj e e dolaze na kraju re enice. every day (svakog dana). krajnji se suglasnik ispred ±ing udvostru ava. (Mi nikad ne jedemo u dnevnoj sobi.: travel ± putovati Potvrdni oblik Jednina (singular) I am working ± Ja radim You sre working ± Ti radi He is working ± On radi She is working ± Ona radi It is working ± Ono radi particip: travelling Mno ina (plural) We are working ± Mi radimo You are working ± Vi radite They are working ± Oni rade . is/am /are+ present participle (sada nji particip) glavnog glagola Sada nji particip se gradi kada se na infinitiv doda nastavak ±ing: go ± going sleep ± sleeping work ± working Ako se glagol zavr ava na jedan suglasnik ispred kojeg stoji kratak. Zatim.

I`m not Are we working? . you are / No. they are / No. you aren¶t Is he working? ± Yes.Upitni oblik ± Yes/No questions Jednina (singular) Am I working? ± Da li ja radim? Are you working? ± Da li ti radi ? Is he working? ± Da li on radi? Is she working? ± Da li ona radi? Is it working? ± Da li ono radi? Mno ina (plural) Are we working? ± Da li mi radimo? Are you working? ± Da li vi radite? Are they working? ± Da li oni rade? Na Yes/No pitanja se odgovara kratkim odgovorima (Short answers) na slede i na in: Am I working? ± Yes. she is / No. She is reading a book at the moment. Najva niji od njih su: hear ± uti.) · Privremenu radnju We`re living in my sister`s flat until we find a new house to buy. ( Ovaj kola ima dobar ukus. smell ± mirisati. (Ona trenutno ita knjigu. we are / No. I am visiting my sister next weekend.) GLAGOLI KOJI SE NE UPOTREBLJAVAJU U PRESENT CONTINUOUS-u Jedan broj glagola naj e e ne mo e da bude upotrebljen u trajnim vremenima. koriste u Present Simple Tense-u. it isn¶t Upitni oblik ± Wh. understand ± razumeti .) · Planove vezane za budu nost. te se stoga uz njega esto nalaze vremenske odrednice now (sada) i at the moment (u ovom trenutku). they aren¶t Is she working? ± Yes. remember ± setiti se . you aren¶t. see ± videti . he isn¶t Are they working? ±Yes. wish ± eleti . it is / No. Oni se.Yes. umesto u Present Continuous Tense-u. we aren¶t Are you working? ± Yes. taste ± okusiti . know ± znati itd. she isn¶t Is it working? ± Yes. Odri ni oblik Jednina (singular) I am not (I`m not) working ± Ja ne radim You are not (aren`t) working ± Ti ne radi He is not (isn`t) working ± On ne radi She is not (isn`t) working ± Ona ne radi It is not (isn`t) working ± Ono ne radi Mno ina (plural) We are not (aren`t) working ± Mi ne radimo You are not (aren`t) working ± Vi ne radite They are not (aren`t) working ± Oni ne rade Upotreba: Present Continuous Tense (Sada nje trajno vreme) se koristi za: · Radnju koja se de ava u trenutku govora. he is / No. want ± hteti. (Slede eg vikenda u posetiti svoju sestru.) Do you remember our first dance? ( Se a li se na eg prvog plesa?) . ( ujem nekakvu buku u susednoj sobi.) Stop! Don`t you see the red light? (Stani! Zar ne vidi crveno svetlo?) This cake tastes good. Are you working? ± Yes you are / No. I am / No.questions Jednina (singular) Where am I working? ± Gde ja radim? Where are you working? ± Gde ti radi ? Where is he working? ± Gde on radi? Where is she working? ± Gde ona radi? Where is it working? ± Gde ono radi? Mno ina (plural) Where are we working? ± Gde mi radimo? Where are you working? ± Gde vi radite? Where are they working? ± Gde oni rade? Odri ni oblik Present Continuous Tense-a (Sada njeg trajnog vremena) se gradi od odri nog oblika pomo nog glagola TO BE u sada njem vremenu i Present Participle-a (sada njeg participa) glavnog glagola. I hear a noise in the next room. ( ivimo u ku i moje sestre dok ne na emo novu ku u da kupimo.

) I know that you don`t understand me. gdje za sve tri roda (he. Upitni oblik se gradi od upitnog oblika sada njeg vremena pom. ( elim vam mnogo sre e. she.ona hodaju UPITNI OBLIK Upitni oblik tvori se od upitnog oblika prezenta pomo nog glagola Äto do³ i infinitiva glavnog glagola. (Znam da me ne razumete.I wish you a lot of happiness. Potvrdni oblik ovog vremena se gradi od infinitiva gl.glagola koji stavljamo u ovo vrijeme. JEDNINA I walk ± ja hodam You walk ± ti hoda He walks ± on hoda She walks ± ona hoda It walks ± ono hoda MNO INA We walk ± mi hodamo You walk ± vi hodate They walk ± oni.one.gdje na infinitive gl dodajemo nastavak s ili es. to do I infinitiva gl. it) na infinitiv glavnog glagola dodajemo nastavak s ili es.gl.) Present Simple Tense Tvorba Present Simple Tense (Prosto sada nje vrijeme) tvori se od infinitiva glavnog glagola u svim licima osim tre eg lica jednine.glagola za sva lica jednine I mno ine izuzev tre eg lica jednine za sva tri roda. JEDNINA Do I walk ? ± da li ja hodam ? .

one.Do you walk ? ± da li ti hoda ? Does he walk ? ± da li on hoda ? Does she walk ? ± da li ona hoda ? Does it walk ? ± da li ono hoda ? MNO INA Do we walk ? ± da li mi hodamo ? Do you walk ? ± da li vi hodate ? Do they walk ? ± da li oni. How long. Where. JEDNINA I do not walk ± ja ne hodam You do not walk ± ti ne hoda He does not walk ± on ne hoda She does not walk ± ona ne hoda It does not walk ± ono ne hoda MNO INA We do not walk ± mi ne hodamo You do not walk ± vi ne hodate They do not walk ± oni.ona ne hodaju . Odricni oblik se gradi od odricnog oblika sada njeg vremena pom.glagola koji stavljamo u ovo vrijeme I koji je isti za sva lica.gl to do I infinitiva gl.Why Kada vi putujete u ameriku ? When do you travel to America ? U koje vrijeme ona ima sate engleskog ? At what time does she have English classes ? ta vi radite svako jutro ? What do you do every moning ? ODRICNI OBLIK Odri ni oblik tvori se od odri nog oblika prezenta pomo nog glagola Äto do³ i infinitiva glavnog glagola koji je isti za sva lica. ona hodaju ? UPITNE RJE ICE When. What. What time.one.

Za radnju koja se ponavlja. Za radnju koja je trajno istinita. Prilozi odre enog vremena su: In the morning ± ujutro In the afternoon ± popodne In the evening ± uve e On Sunday ± nedeljom Ovi prilozi stoje na kraju re enice Upotreba Koristi se za radnju koja se desila u sada njosti u sljede im slu ajevima. I usually watch TV in the evening. Prilozi neodre enog vremena: Often ± esto Allways ± uvijek Usually ± obi no Sometimes ± ponekad Ovi priloz stoje na po etku re enice izme u subjekta I glagola. Za navike. I go to cinema every night. Obi no gledam TV uve er. Idem u kolu. Ona ivi u Konjicu. 4. Idem u kino svako ve e. 3. I live in Konjic. ivim u Konjicu I go to school.PRILOZI Uz ovo vrijeme koristimo dvije vrste priloga I to: 1. . 2. 1. She lives in Konjic. The bus leaves at 10 o'clock. 2. Autobus odlazi u 10 sati. Za rasporede.

Za izra avanje osje anja. Volim te . I love you.5.

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