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VREMENA ENGLESKI

VREMENA ENGLESKI

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Published by Vladimir Plavšić

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Published by: Vladimir Plavšić on Mar 02, 2011
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Ono sto je vrlo bitno u engleskom jeziku je red reci u recenici.

to vam nece predstavljati nikakav problem ukoliko upamtite vrlo jednostavnu "formulu". SVOMPT je sve sto bi trebalo da znate kako bi red reciu vasoj recenici bio pravilan. Naravno, potrebno je znati i sta ova slova oznacavaju. S (subject) - subjekat V (verb) - glagol O (object) - objekat M (manner) - prilog za nacin P (place) - prilog za mesto T (time) - prilog za vreme Ukoliko pratite ovaj logicki sled ovih elemenata, recenice koje pisete ili izgovarate na engleskom jeziku ce biti gramaticki tacke. Veliki broj ljudi kojima je maternji jezik engleski ne znaju za SVOMPT i prilicno grese. Neki se pak oslanjaju na osecaj koji, vrlo cesto, moze da izneveri. Zbog toga je najbolje odvojiti par minuta i memorisati sled ovih elemenata. Primer: I bought an umbrella by a mistake at the supermarket yesterday. S-I V - bought O - an umbrella M - by a mistake P - at the supermarket T - yesterday U zavisnosti od toga sta zelimo da kazemo ili naglasimo, ne moraju svi elementi biti ukljuceni. Vrlo cesto mozemo imati samo SVO (subjekat-glagol-objekat). I like you. S - I V - like O - you Prosta recenica se sastoji samo od subjekta i glagola. He works. S - he V - works

POMOCNI GLAGOLI U ENGLESKOM JEZIKU (Auxiliary Verbs)
Pomocni glagoli sluze za gradjenje glagolskih vremena kako u srpskom, tako i u engleskom jeziku. Oni, na neki nacin predstavljaju nocnu moru ucenicima zbog toga sto pomocni glagoli u engleskom jeziku mogu imati i funkciju glavnih
glagola.

vi niste they are not . Present Tense (sadasnje vreme) I am .Postoje tri pomocna glagola: 1. glagol biti u srpskom jeziku ima funkciju gradjenja prezenta.ti nisi he is not .on nije she is not . Isti je slucja i u engleskom jeziku.oni nisu skraceni oblik: you aren't.jesu li? . to have TO BE (biti) Ovaj glagol ne predstavlja veliki problem prilikom ucenja s obzirom da i u nasem jeziku postoji pomocni glagol biti. I am not .. he's.on je she is .oni su skraceni oblik: I'm.jesi li? Is he .jesmo li? Are you .jesam li? Are you .minismo you are not . Am I .ona je it is .jeste li? Are they . you're.vi ste they are .ono nije we are not .ono je we are . to do 3.. to be 2. he isn't. Kako vec znate.da li je on? Is she .ja nisam you are not ..da li je ono? Are we .ona nije it is not .da li je ona? Is it .ti si he is .. proslog vremena i futura.ja sam you are .mi smo you are .

on je bio she was .da li je bila Was it .ti si bio/la he was .da li sam bio/la Were you ..nije bilo we were not .vi cete they will .da li smo bili Were you .nije bio she was not .nismo bili you were not .ono je bilo we were .oni su bili I was not .ono ce we will .ja cu you will ..da li si bio/la Was he .ti neces .ja sam bio/la you were .ja necu you will not .oni ce skraceni oblik: I'll.mi cemo you will .on ce she will .ona je bila it was . you weren't.da li ste bili Were they .mi smo bili you were . I will not (won't) .nisi bio/la he was not . you'll.ti ces he will .da li je bilo Were we ..nisam bio/la You were not .vi ste bili they were .Past Tense (proslo vreme) I was .niste bili they were not .ona ce it will .nisu bili skraceni oblik: I wasn't.da li je bio Was she .nije bila it was not .da li su bili Future Tense (buduce vreme) I will . Was I .

Potvrdni oblik se gradi tako sto pomocni glagol dolazi nakon licne zamenice. She does not live here. Odricni oblik se gradi kada se na pomocni glagol doda recca NOT.ono nece we will not .oni nece will I . Upitni oblik se gradi inverzijom subjekta i pomocnog glagola.lice jednine (he. ili skraceno I didn't want to go there. she i it).mi necemo you will not . U recenicama u prostom sadasnjem i prostom proslom vremenu. Odricni oblik se gradi tako sto se na pomocni glagol doda recca NOT. U proslom vremenu on glasi DID i isti je za sva lica.da li cete will they .da li ces will he . raditi) Ovaj pomocni glagol u engleskom jeziku sluzi za gradjenje prostog sadasnjeg i prostog proslog vremena i ima dva oblika za sadasnje vreme (DO i DOES). DOES se koristi samo za 3. proslo vreme: I did not want to go there. Glagol TO BE u buducem vremenu ima oblik will. DO se koristi za I. they. you.he will not .da li cemo will we . ili skraceno I don't want to go there. nije preporucljivo da se pocetnici zamaraju ovom informacijom jer ce ona za njih biti vrlo konfuzna.da li ce ona will it . Medjutim. ili skraceno She doesn't live here. we.da li ce on will she . sadasnje vreme: I do not want to go there.ona nece it will not .on nece she will not . TO DO (ciniti. . glagoli DO/DOES i DID nisu vidljivi u potvrdnom obliku iako postoje.da li cu will you . Glagol TO BE u proslom vremenu ima oblike: was i were.da li ce ono will we .da li ce oni Zakljucak: Glagol TO BE u sadasnjem vremenu ima oblike: am.vi necete they will not . is i are.

Upitni oblik se gradi inverzijom subjekta i pomocnog glagola. we they. proslo vreme: I had been there. HAS se koristi samo za 3. She has been there. you. Odricni oblik se gradi dodavanjem recce NOT na pomocni glagol. proslo vreme: I had not been there ili skraceno I hadn't been there. Kao i prethodnipomocni glagol i ovaj ima dva oblika za sadasnje vreme (HAVE i HAS). she i it). U proslom vremenu on glasi HAD i isti je za sva lica. sadasnje vreme: I have not been there ili skraceno I haven't been there. HAVE se koristi za I. sadasnje vreme: Have you been there? Has she been there? proslo vreme: Had you been there? . sadasnje vreme: Do you live here? Does he live here? proslo vreme: Did you live here? TO HAVE (imati) Sa ovim pomocnim glagolom tvore se perfektivni glagolski oglici i perfektivna vremena (sadasnje perfektivno vreme i pluskvamperfekat). Upitni oblik se gradi inverzijom subjekta i pomocnog glagola.lice jednine (he. She has not been there ili skraceno She hasn't been there. Potvrdni oblik: sadasnje vreme: I have been there.

periodicno ponavljaju. obavezu i raspored. ? Upitni oblik Do/Does (za 3. u ovom slucaju TO DO doda recca NOT. Kao primer. na glavni glagol se ne dodaje nastavk -s za 3.lice jednine) + subjekat + glavni glagol *Prilikom gradjenja upitnog oblika. kako potvrdna i odricna tako i upitna. occasionally. He doesn't work every day. often. prikazacu kako se gradi cela recenica u ovom vremenu.lice jednine I don't work every day. potvrdni oblik .lice jednine. usually. Forma: Za gradjenje ovog vremena koristi se pomocni glagol TO DO. manje-vise.spavati. To znaci da se ovo vreme oznacava neku cinjenicu.lice jednine) / do not ili skraceno don't (za sva ostala lica)+ glavni glagol *Prilikom gradjenja odricnog oblika.. uzecemo glagol sleep .Odricni oblik Subjekat + does not ili skraceno doesn't (za 3. every day/week/month/year.lice jednine se na glavni glagol dodaje nastavak -s) I work every day. + Potvrdni oblik Subjekat + glavni glagol (za 3. . Do you work every day? Does he work every day? Priloske odredbe koje se koriste za ovo vreme kako bi pokazale ucestalost radnji su: always. naviku.. * Dakle. Kako bi bilo jasnije. He works every day. na glavni glagol se ne dodaje nastavak -s za 3.GLAGOLSKA VREMENA (TENSES) THE SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE/Prosto sadasnje vreme Upotreba: Sadasnje prosto vreme se koristi za radnje koje se desavaju uvek ili se. *Upitni oblik se gradi inverzijom (zamenom mesta) subjekta i pomocnog glagola. odricni se oblik se gradi tako sto se na pomocni glagol.

Pro li particip se kod pravilnih glagola gradi kada se na infinitiv doda nastavak ±ed. have/has i past participle-a (pro log participa) glavnog glagola.I sleep You sleep He sleeps She sleeps It sleeps We sleep You sleep They sleep odricni oblik I don't sleep You don't sleep He doesn't sleep She doesn't sleep It doesn't sleep We don't sleep You don't sleep They don't sleep upitni oblik Do I sleep? Do you sleep? Does he sleep? Does she sleep? Does it sleep? DO we sleep? Do you sleep? Do they sleep? THE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE (SADA NJE SVR ENO VREME) Present Perfect Tense (Sada nje svr eno vreme) se gradi od glagola TO HAVE u Present Simple Tense-u (Prostom sada njem vremenu). tre a kolona): play ± played work ± worked sleep ± slept Potvrdni oblik Jednina (singular) I have (I`ve)worked ± Ja sam radio You have (You`ve)worked ± Ti si radio He has (He`s)worked ± On je radio She has (She`s) worked ± Ona je radila It has (It`s) worked ± Ono je radio Jednina (singular) Mno ina (plural) We have (We`ve) worked ± Mi smo radili You have (You`ve) worked ± Vi ste radili They have (They`ve) worked± Oni su radili Mno ina (plural) . tj. Kod nepravilnih glagola pro li particip ima druga iji oblik (tzv.

we haven`t Has he worked? ± Yes.) He has had a lot of bad luck recently. I have / No.) · Pro lu radnju koja ima vidljive rezultate (posledice) u sada njosti. Vremenski period koji traje esto je ozna en sa today. I haven`t seen him today. he has / No. (Nisam ga danas video.) · Radnju koja se desila u pro losti ali je mogu e da se ponovi u sada njosti. she has/ No.. recently.I have (I`ve) slept ± Ja sam spavao You have (You`ve) slept ± Ti si spavao He has slept (He`s) ± On je spavao She has slept (She`s) ± Ona je spavala It has slept (It`s) ± Ono je spavalo We have slept (We`ve) ± Mi smo spavali You have slept (You`ve) ± Vi ste spavali They have slept (They`ve) ± Oni su spavali Upitni oblik glagola u Present Perfect Tense-u (Sada njem svr enom vremenu) se gradi inverzijom (u odnosu na potvrdni oblik)pomo nog glagola TO HAVE (u sada njem vremenu) i li ne zamenice. (Putovao sam u Ameriku. (U poslednje vreme nije imao mnogo sre e. it has / No. Has she worked? ± Yes. (Oprao sam kola.. you have / No.questions Jednina (singular) Where have I worked? ± Gde sam ja radio? Where have you worked? ± Gde si ti radio? Where has he worked? ± Gde je on radio? Where has she worked? ± Gde je ona radila? Where has it worked? ± Gde je ono radilo? Mno ina (plural) Where have we worked? ± Gde smo mi radili? Where have you worked? ± Gde ste vi radili? Where have they worked? ± Gde su oni radili? Odri ni oblik se gradi od odri nog obika glagola Have (odnosno Has za tre e lice jednine) i Past Participle-a glavnog glagola. Have you worked? ± Yes. I have seen wolves in that forest. we have / No. te se stoga uy njega esto nalazi vremenska odrednica just (upravo) She has just gone out. lately. Upitni oblik ± Wh. (Ona je upravo iza la. It looks lovely. she hasn`t. The lift has broken down. Upitni oblik ± Yes/No questions Jednina (singular) Have I worked? ± Da li sam ja radio? Have you worked? ± Da li si ti radio? Has he worked? ± Da li je on radio?Has she worked? ± Da li je ona radila? Has it worked? ± Da li je ono radilo? Mno ina (plural) Have we worked? ± Da li smo mi radili? Have you worked? ± Da li ste vi radili? Have they worked? ± Da li su oni radili? Na Yes/No pitanja se odgovara kratkim odgovorima (Short answers) na slede i na in: Have I worked?±Yes.Yes. Has it worked? ± Yes. Odri ni oblik Jednina (singular) I have not (haven`t) worked ± Ja nisam radio You have not (haven`t) worked ± Ti ne radi He has not (hasn`t) worked ± On nije radio She has not (hasn`t) worked ± Ona nije radila It has not (hasn`t) worked ± Ono nije radilo Mno ina (plural) We have not (haven`t) worked ± Mi nismo radili You have not (haven`t) worked ± Vi niste radili They have not (haven`t) worked ± Oni nisu radili Upotreba: The Present Perfect Tense (Sada nje svr eno vreme) se koristi za: · Radnju koja je upravo zavr ena. We have to use the stairs. Jo uvek ih ponekad mo e videti. you haven`t Have you worked? ± Yes you have / No.) I have washed the car. Izgledaju odli no. (Video sam vukove u toj umi. You can still see them sometimes. I haven`t Have we worked? .) · Radnju koja se desila u pro losti u neko neodre eno vreme: I have travelled to America. (Lift se pokvario. it hasn`t. Moramo da idemo stepenicama. this morning / afternoon / evening / week / month / year / century.) · Radnju koja je de ava u nezavr enom vremenskom periodu. they have / No. Have they worked? ±Yes. they haven`t.) . he hasn`t. we Haven`t.

) I was desperate. (To se desilo u supermarketu.) I came to the cashier but there wasn`t a wallet in my bag. They have been friends since their schooldays. (Meri je putovala u Ameriku.· U ovom zna enju esto se javljaju i prilozi ever i never da ozna e ivotna iskustva subjekta. (Bila sam o ajna. ( ivimo ovde ve 10 godina. ±y prelazi u ±i.) · Radnju koja je po ela u pro losti i jo uvek traje. Na primer: He closed (close ± zatvoriti) Ako se glagol zavr ava na ±y i ukoliko je ispred njega suglasnik.) It happened in a supermarket. Mary travelled to America last year. (Oni su prijatelji jo od kolskih dana.) When did you go there? (Kada si i ao tamo?) I went there three years ago. I have. jesam. He stayed (stay ± ostati). For se koristi da ozna i vremenski period u kojem radnja traje.) PRESENT PERFECT TENSE and PAST SIMPLE TENSE · Present Perfect Tense se koristi kada govorimo o radnjama koje su se dogodile u neodre enom trenutku u pro losti.) Since ozna ava trenutak kada je radnja po ela. (Do la sam na kasu ali nov anik nije bio u torbi.) THE SIMPLE PAST TENSE (PROSTO PRO LO VREME) Simple Past Tense (Prosto pro lo vreme) pravilnih glagola se gradi od osnovnog oblika glagola (infinitiv bez to) i nastavka -ed Potvrdni oblik Jednina (singular) I worked ± Ja sam radio You worked ± Ti si radio He worked ± On je radio She worked ± Ona je radila It worked ± Ono je radilo Mno ina (plural) We worked ± Mi smo radili You worked ± Vi ste radili They worked ± Oni su radili Ako se infinitiv glagola zavr ava na ±e.) · Past Simple e se upotrebiti kada imamo vremensku frazu koja nam jasno ukazuje na to kada se ne to odigralo u pro losti. He has never eaten Chenese food.) · · Uz re when ide Past Simple Tense.) I have broken my leg. (I ao sam pre tri godine. jer se tra i ta no vreme u pro losti.) Kada opisujemo odre eni doga aj esto emo praviti kombinacije ova dva vremena. . Have you ever been to England? (Da li si ikada bio u Engleskoj?) Yes. (Izgubila sam nov anik. Ali ve svaka druga detaljnija informacija vezana za tu situaciju e biti izra ena Past Simple Tense-om. (On nikada nije jeo kinesku hranu. nastavak glasi ±d. I have lost my wallet.) I broke my leg when I was ten. (Da. U tom smislu se koriste for i since. (Meri je putovala u Ameriku pro le godine. Na primer: He cried (cry -plakati). Ako je ispred ±y samoglasnik. Mary has travelled to America. (Slomila sam nogu. We have lived here for 10 years. Kada navodimo injenicu do koje je do lo mo emo upotrebiti Present Perfect. (Slomila sam nogu kad mi je bilo deset godina. nema promene. She played (play ± igrati).

she didn¶t Did it work? ± Yes. Karakteristi ne vremenske odrednice uz koje se upotrebljava su: Yesterday ± ju e. Upitni oblik glagola u Simple Past Tense-u se gradi od pomo nog glagola Do u pro lom vremenu koji glasi Did i osnovnog oblika glavnog glagola. Did you work? ± Yes you did / No. she did / No. taj krajnji suglasnik se podvostru ava pred nastavkom za Simple Past Tense. I did / No. (Radio sam u prodavnici pro le godine.Ukoliko se infinitiv zavr ava na jedan suglasnik ispred koga je kratak. in 1977 ± 1977. (Moj brat je zavr io doma i pre sat vremena. two years ago ± pre dve godine. last year ± pro le godine. I worked in a shop last year. Upotreba: · Prosto pro lo vreme se koristi za radnju koja je zavr ena u pro losti.) Last week we decided to buy a new house. he did / No. (Moj otac je sagradio ovu ku u 1997. I didn¶t Did we work? ± Yes.-e i sl. (Prekju e je Marko kupio lep e ir. last Monday ± pro log ponedeljka. Odri ni oblik se gradi od odri nog oblika pomo nog glagola Do u pro lom vremenu i osnovnog oblika glavnog glagola. they didn¶t Did she work? ± Yes. we did / No. he didn¶t Did they work? ± Yes.) Mno ina (plural) We did not (didn`t) work ± Mi nismo radili You did not (didn`t) work ± Vi niste radili They did not (didn`t) work ± Oni nisu radili . (Pro le nedelje smo odlu ili da kupimo novu ku u. Upitni oblik ± Yes/No questions Jednina (singular) Did I work? ± Da li sam ja radio? Did you work? ± Da li si ti radio? Did he work? ± Da li je on radio? Did she work? ± Da li jeona radila?Did it work? ± Da li je ono radilo? Mno ina (plural) Did we work? ± Da li smo mi radili? Did you work? ± Da li ste vi radili? Did they work? ± Da li su oni radili? Na Yes/No pitanja se odgovara kratkim odgovorima (Short answers) na slede i na in: Did I work? ± Yes.) My brother finished his homework an hour ago. three hours ago ± pre tri sata. Odri ni oblik Jednina (singular) I did not (didn`t) work ± Ja nisam radio You did not (didn`t) work ± Ti nisi radio He did not (didn`t) work ± On nije radio She did not (didn`t) work ± Ona nije radila It did not (didn`t) work ± Ono nije radilo Nepravilni glagoli grade odri ni oblik na isti na in. you didn¶t Did he work? ± Yes.-e) The day before yesterday Marko bought a nice hat. the day before yesterday ± prekju e. you didn¶t. nagla en samoglasnik. we didn¶t Did you work? ± Yes. plan ± planned (planirati) stop ± stopped (zaustaviti) Nepravilni glagoli imaju posebne oblike za pro lo vreme i oni se u e napamet. it didn¶t Upitni oblik ± Wh. you did / No.) Sandra closed the window a few minutes ago.questions Jednina (singular) Where did I work? ± Gde sam ja radio? Where did you work? ± Gde si ti radio? Where did he work? ± Gde je on radio? Where did she work? ± Gde je ona radila? Where did it work? ± Gde ono radilo? Mno ina (plural) Where did we work? ± Gde smo mi radili? Where did you work? ± Gde ste vi radili? Where did they work? ± Gde su oni radili? Nepravilni glagoli grade upitni oblik na isti na in. it did / No. they did / No.) My father built this house in 1997. (Sandra je zatvorila prozor pre nekoliko minuta.

THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE (SADA NJE PROSTO VREME) Simple Present Tense (Prosto sada nje vreme) se gradi od osnovnog oblika glagola (infinitiv bez to). you do / No. Ako se glagol zavr ava na ±y i ukoliko je ispred njega suglasnik ±y prelazi u ±ie. Yes/No nemaju upitnu re i na njih se mo e odgovoriti sa Da ili Ne. Za tre e lice se dodaje ±s. Ukoliko se glagol zavr ava na ±ch. Ako je ispred ±y samoglasnik. why. how. Potvrdni oblik Jednina (singular) I work ± Ja radim You work ± Ti radi He works ± On radi She works ± Ona radi It works ± Ono radi Mno ina (plural) We work ± Mi radimo You work ± Vi radite They work ± Oni rade Nastavak ±s u tre em licu jednine mo e imati razli ite oblike. Na primer. Upitni oblik glagola u Present Simple Tense-u se gradi od pomo nog glagola Do. we do / No. l. what. -x. Odri ni oblik Jednina (singular) I do not (don`t) work ± Ja ne radim Mno ina (plural) We do not (don`t) work ± Mi ne radimo . you don¶t Does he work? ± Yes. Izuzetak je glagol have (imati) koji u tre em licu glasi has.questions Jednina (singular) Where do I work? ± Gde ja radim? Where do you work? ± Gde ti radi ? Where does he work? ± Gde on radi? Where does she work? ± Gde ona radi? Where does it work? ± Gde ono radi? Mno ina (plural) Where do we work? ± Gde mi radimo? Where do you work? ± Gde vi radite? Where do they work? ± Gde oni rade? Odri ni oblik se gradi od odri nog obika pomo nog glagola Do (odnosno Does za tre e lice jednine) i osnovnog oblika glavnog glagola. Na primer: He cries (cry -plakati). Sva pitanja se u engleskom jeziku dele na Yes/No pitanja i Wh. glasi does. -ss. odnosno Does (za tre e lice jednine) i osnovnog oblika glavnog glagola. l. She fixes (fix ± popravljati).pitanja po inju upitnom re ju a one su: when. it does / No. we don¶t Do you work? ± Yes. Za sva lica osim za tre e lice jednine potvrdni oblik prostog sada njeg vremena glasi work.. she doesn¶t Does it work? ± Yes. nastavak tako e glasi ±es. Do you work? ± Yes. kao u primeru glagola go koji u 3.. you don¶t. she does / No. It flies (fly ± leteti). She plays (play ± igrati).Na primer: He teaches (teach ± predavati). Upitni oblik ± Yes/No questions Jednina (singular) Do I work? ± Da li ja radim? Do you work? ± Da li ti radi ? Does he work? ± Da li on radi? Does she work? ± Da li ona radi? Does it work? ± Da li ono radi? Mno ina (plural) Do we work? ± Da li mi radimo? Do you work? ± Da li vi radite? Do they work? ± Da li oni rade? Na Yes/No pitanja se odgovara kratkim odgovorima (Short answers) na slede i na in: Do I work? ± Yes. it doesn¶t Upitni oblik ± Wh. where. he doesn¶t Do they work? ±Yes. jed. he does / No. He kisses (kiss ± ljubiti). nema promene. I don¶t Do we work? . jed.Yes. they don¶t Does she work? ± Yes. how many. She washes (wash ± prati).pitanja. you do / No. they do/No. how much. I do / No. -sh. infinitiv sa «to» glagola raditiglasi to work a infinitiv bez «to» glasi work. He stays (stay ± ostati). Ukoliko se glagol zavr ava na vokal o nastavak e glasiti ±es. Wh. glasigoes ili glagol do koji u 3.

) A day has 24 hours. never dolaze pre glavnog glagola u potvrdnom obliku. (Sava se uliva u Dunav. (Zemlja se okre e oko Sunca.) · Op te istine (ne to to je uvek ta no): People change money in banks. once a year (jedanput godi nje).) She wears uniform at work. (Englezi piju aj u 5 sati popodne. every day (svakog dana). (Ja ustajem u 6 sati. twice a year. I always go to school at 8 o`clock in the morning. often.) The English drink tea at 5 o`clock in the afternoon.: travel ± putovati Potvrdni oblik Jednina (singular) I am working ± Ja radim You sre working ± Ti radi He is working ± On radi She is working ± Ona radi It is working ± Ono radi particip: travelling Mno ina (plural) We are working ± Mi radimo You are working ± Vi radite They are working ± Oni rade . usually. (Ona nosi uniformu na poslu. (Ona obi no pije aj uve e.) She usually drinks tea in the evening.) We never eat in the living room. rutine) You do not (don`t) work ± Vi ne radite They do not (don`t) work ± Oni ne rade I get up at 6 o`clock. sometimes. (Dan ima 24 asa. To su: Always (uvek). often ( esto). every year(svake godine) i sl. obi aji. (Ja uvek idem u kolu u 8 sati ujutru.. (Mi nikad ne jedemo u dnevnoj sobi.usually (obi no).Npr.) My sister plays the piano. Zatim. Prilozi always. nagla en samoglasnik. (Moja sestra svira klavir) THE PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE Present Continuous Tense (Sada nje trajno vreme) se gradi od glagola TO BE u Present Simple Tense-u (Prostom sada njem vremenu). Npr. (Ljudi menjaju novac u bankama. tj. every month. sometimes (ponekad). (On dobro govori engleski.) The Earth goes around the Sun.) · Karakteristike subjekta: He speaks English very well. never (nikad).) U ovom smislu se mogu koristiti i prilozi i fraze za u estalost (re i koje ozna avaju koliko esto se de ava radnja).) The Sava flows into the Danube. naj e e dolaze na kraju re enice. twice a day (dvaput dnevno). three times a week (triput nedeljno) i sl.: hit ± udariti stop ± prestati permit ± dopustiti begin ± po eti particip: hitting particip: stopping particip: permitting particip: beginning Krajnje ±l se uvek udvostru ava. every month (svakog meseca). krajnji se suglasnik ispred ±ing udvostru ava.You do not (don`t) work ± Ti ne radi He does not (doesn`t) work ± On ne radi She does not (doesn`t) work ± Ona ne radi It does not (doesn`t) work ± Ono ne radi Upotreba: Prosto sada nje vreme se koristi za · Radnje koje se ponavljaju (navike.. is/am /are+ present participle (sada nji particip) glavnog glagola Sada nji particip se gradi kada se na infinitiv doda nastavak ±ing: go ± going sleep ± sleeping work ± working Ako se glagol zavr ava na jedan suglasnik ispred kojeg stoji kratak. Fraze every day.

you aren¶t. ( Ovaj kola ima dobar ukus. I`m not Are we working? . he is / No. (Ona trenutno ita knjigu. understand ± razumeti .Upitni oblik ± Yes/No questions Jednina (singular) Am I working? ± Da li ja radim? Are you working? ± Da li ti radi ? Is he working? ± Da li on radi? Is she working? ± Da li ona radi? Is it working? ± Da li ono radi? Mno ina (plural) Are we working? ± Da li mi radimo? Are you working? ± Da li vi radite? Are they working? ± Da li oni rade? Na Yes/No pitanja se odgovara kratkim odgovorima (Short answers) na slede i na in: Am I working? ± Yes. we aren¶t Are you working? ± Yes. ( ivimo u ku i moje sestre dok ne na emo novu ku u da kupimo. smell ± mirisati. they are / No.) GLAGOLI KOJI SE NE UPOTREBLJAVAJU U PRESENT CONTINUOUS-u Jedan broj glagola naj e e ne mo e da bude upotrebljen u trajnim vremenima. they aren¶t Is she working? ± Yes. Are you working? ± Yes you are / No. it isn¶t Upitni oblik ± Wh. it is / No. we are / No.) · Planove vezane za budu nost. Najva niji od njih su: hear ± uti. you aren¶t Is he working? ± Yes. remember ± setiti se . Odri ni oblik Jednina (singular) I am not (I`m not) working ± Ja ne radim You are not (aren`t) working ± Ti ne radi He is not (isn`t) working ± On ne radi She is not (isn`t) working ± Ona ne radi It is not (isn`t) working ± Ono ne radi Mno ina (plural) We are not (aren`t) working ± Mi ne radimo You are not (aren`t) working ± Vi ne radite They are not (aren`t) working ± Oni ne rade Upotreba: Present Continuous Tense (Sada nje trajno vreme) se koristi za: · Radnju koja se de ava u trenutku govora. she isn¶t Is it working? ± Yes.questions Jednina (singular) Where am I working? ± Gde ja radim? Where are you working? ± Gde ti radi ? Where is he working? ± Gde on radi? Where is she working? ± Gde ona radi? Where is it working? ± Gde ono radi? Mno ina (plural) Where are we working? ± Gde mi radimo? Where are you working? ± Gde vi radite? Where are they working? ± Gde oni rade? Odri ni oblik Present Continuous Tense-a (Sada njeg trajnog vremena) se gradi od odri nog oblika pomo nog glagola TO BE u sada njem vremenu i Present Participle-a (sada njeg participa) glavnog glagola.) · Privremenu radnju We`re living in my sister`s flat until we find a new house to buy. she is / No. koriste u Present Simple Tense-u. ( ujem nekakvu buku u susednoj sobi. you are / No. know ± znati itd. Oni se.) Stop! Don`t you see the red light? (Stani! Zar ne vidi crveno svetlo?) This cake tastes good. (Slede eg vikenda u posetiti svoju sestru. te se stoga uz njega esto nalaze vremenske odrednice now (sada) i at the moment (u ovom trenutku). I am / No. want ± hteti. I hear a noise in the next room. see ± videti .Yes. wish ± eleti . he isn¶t Are they working? ±Yes. She is reading a book at the moment.) Do you remember our first dance? ( Se a li se na eg prvog plesa?) . taste ± okusiti . I am visiting my sister next weekend. umesto u Present Continuous Tense-u.

glagola za sva lica jednine I mno ine izuzev tre eg lica jednine za sva tri roda. ( elim vam mnogo sre e. it) na infinitiv glavnog glagola dodajemo nastavak s ili es. Potvrdni oblik ovog vremena se gradi od infinitiva gl. gdje za sve tri roda (he.gl. she. JEDNINA Do I walk ? ± da li ja hodam ? . to do I infinitiva gl. Upitni oblik se gradi od upitnog oblika sada njeg vremena pom.one. (Znam da me ne razumete.gdje na infinitive gl dodajemo nastavak s ili es.) I know that you don`t understand me.I wish you a lot of happiness. JEDNINA I walk ± ja hodam You walk ± ti hoda He walks ± on hoda She walks ± ona hoda It walks ± ono hoda MNO INA We walk ± mi hodamo You walk ± vi hodate They walk ± oni.ona hodaju UPITNI OBLIK Upitni oblik tvori se od upitnog oblika prezenta pomo nog glagola Äto do³ i infinitiva glavnog glagola.) Present Simple Tense Tvorba Present Simple Tense (Prosto sada nje vrijeme) tvori se od infinitiva glavnog glagola u svim licima osim tre eg lica jednine.glagola koji stavljamo u ovo vrijeme.

ona ne hodaju . How long. one.Do you walk ? ± da li ti hoda ? Does he walk ? ± da li on hoda ? Does she walk ? ± da li ona hoda ? Does it walk ? ± da li ono hoda ? MNO INA Do we walk ? ± da li mi hodamo ? Do you walk ? ± da li vi hodate ? Do they walk ? ± da li oni.gl to do I infinitiva gl. ona hodaju ? UPITNE RJE ICE When. What time.Why Kada vi putujete u ameriku ? When do you travel to America ? U koje vrijeme ona ima sate engleskog ? At what time does she have English classes ? ta vi radite svako jutro ? What do you do every moning ? ODRICNI OBLIK Odri ni oblik tvori se od odri nog oblika prezenta pomo nog glagola Äto do³ i infinitiva glavnog glagola koji je isti za sva lica. What.one.glagola koji stavljamo u ovo vrijeme I koji je isti za sva lica. JEDNINA I do not walk ± ja ne hodam You do not walk ± ti ne hoda He does not walk ± on ne hoda She does not walk ± ona ne hoda It does not walk ± ono ne hoda MNO INA We do not walk ± mi ne hodamo You do not walk ± vi ne hodate They do not walk ± oni. Where. Odricni oblik se gradi od odricnog oblika sada njeg vremena pom.

1. She lives in Konjic. Za navike. Idem u kolu. Za rasporede. 2. I go to cinema every night. Ona ivi u Konjicu.PRILOZI Uz ovo vrijeme koristimo dvije vrste priloga I to: 1. 4. Za radnju koja se ponavlja. Prilozi neodre enog vremena: Often ± esto Allways ± uvijek Usually ± obi no Sometimes ± ponekad Ovi priloz stoje na po etku re enice izme u subjekta I glagola. ivim u Konjicu I go to school. Prilozi odre enog vremena su: In the morning ± ujutro In the afternoon ± popodne In the evening ± uve e On Sunday ± nedeljom Ovi prilozi stoje na kraju re enice Upotreba Koristi se za radnju koja se desila u sada njosti u sljede im slu ajevima. 2. Obi no gledam TV uve er. 3. . The bus leaves at 10 o'clock. Idem u kino svako ve e. Za radnju koja je trajno istinita. I usually watch TV in the evening. I live in Konjic. Autobus odlazi u 10 sati.

I love you.5. Za izra avanje osje anja. Volim te .

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