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EKG signal

EKG signal

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Published by ivandrakic
EKG signali
EKG signali

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Published by: ivandrakic on May 22, 2008
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UNIVERZITET U NOVOM SADU – FAKULTET TEHNIČKIH NAUKA
ODSEK ZA RA
ČUNARSTVO I INFORMATIKU
KATEDRA ZA AUTOMATIKU I UPRAVLJANJE SISTEMIMA

VIRTUELNI SIMULATOR I GENERATOR
EKG SIGNALA

DIPLOMSKI RAD

KANDIDAT:

MENTOR:

Dejan Prijević

doc. dr. Nikola Jorgovanović

Novi Sad, 2005.

2

Sadržaj

1 UVOD.......................................................................................................................................................4
2
UREĐAJI ZA SIMULIRANJE EKG SIGNALA...............................................................................6

2.1

PRIMENA UREĐAJA ZA SIMULIRANJE EKG SIGNALA......................................................................6

2.2

POSTOJEĆI TIPOVI EKG SIMULATORA............................................................................................7

3 ELEKTRIČNA AKTIVNOST SRCA, KARAKTERISTIČNI TALASI I NORMALNI
INTERVALI EKG ZAPISA..........................................................................................................................10

3.1

FIZIOLOŠKA POZADINA ZAPISA NA ELEKTROKARDIOGRAMU.......................................................10

3.2

KARAKTERISTIČNI TALASI EKG SIGNALA....................................................................................11

3.3

NORMALNI INTERVALI EKG SIGNALA..........................................................................................12

4 VIRTUELNI SIMULATOR I GENERATOR EKG SIGNALA.....................................................13

4.1

VIRTUELNA INSTRUMENTACIJA....................................................................................................13

4.1.1 LabVIEW programski alat.......................................................................................................13

4.2

MATEMATIČKO MODELOVANJE KARAKTERISTIČNIH TALASA EKG SIGNALA..............................14

4.2.1 Matematičko modelovanje P talasa.........................................................................................14
4.2.2 Matemati
čko modelovanje F (flater ili lepršajućih) talasa.....................................................15
4.2.3 Matemati
čko modelovanje QRS kompleksa.............................................................................17

4.3

GENERISANJE CIKLUSA EKG SIGNALA.........................................................................................18

4.4

PRIMERI EKG RITMOVA I ARITMIJA SIMULIRANIH POMOĆU VIRTUELNOG EKG SIMULATORA...21

4.4.1 Normalan sinusni ritam............................................................................................................21
4.4.2 Sinusna (respiratorna) aritmija...............................................................................................22
4.4.3 Lepršanje pretkomora..............................................................................................................22
4.4.4 Atrijalna fibrilacija...................................................................................................................23
4.4.5 Ventrikularna tahikardija.........................................................................................................24

4.5

GENERISANJE SIGNALA NA ANALOGNOM IZLAZU AKVIZICIONE KARTICE....................................25

4.6

KORISNIČKI INTERFEJES VIRTUELNOG EKG SIMULATORA..........................................................26

5 TESTIRANJE VIRTUELNOG EKG SIMULATORA....................................................................27

5.1

REZULTATI SNIMANJA SIGNALA EKG SIMULATORA OSCILOSKOPOM..........................................27

5.1.1 Normalan sinusni ritam............................................................................................................27
5.1.2 Atrijalna tahikardija.................................................................................................................28
5.1.3 Lepršanje pretkomora (atrijalni flater)...................................................................................28
5.1.4 Ventrikularna bigeminija.........................................................................................................29
5.1.5 Ventrikularna tahikardija.........................................................................................................30
5.1.6 Ventrikularna fibrilacija..........................................................................................................31

6 ZAKLJUČAK........................................................................................................................................32
7
PRILOG.................................................................................................................................................34

7.1

SNIMCI SIMULIRANIH EKG RITMOVA I ARITMIJA.........................................................................34

7.1.1 Normalan sinusni ritam............................................................................................................34
7.1.2 Nodalna tahikardija.................................................................................................................35
7.1.3 Atrijalna tahikardija.................................................................................................................36
7.1.4 AV blok I stepena......................................................................................................................37
7.1.5 AV blok II stepena tip Mobitz I...............................................................................................37
7.1.6 AV blok II stepena tip II (Mobitz II).........................................................................................38
7.1.7 AV blok III stepena...................................................................................................................39
7.1.8 Lepršanje atrija (Atrijalni flater).............................................................................................40
7.1.9 Atrijalna fibrilacija...................................................................................................................41
7.1.10 Preuranjeni atrijalni kompleks (PAC).....................................................................................42
7.1.11 Preuranjeni ventrikulani kompleks (PVC)...............................................................................43

3

7.1.12 Ventrikularna tahikardija.........................................................................................................43
7.1.13 Ventrikularna fibrilacija..........................................................................................................44

8 LITERATURA......................................................................................................................................46

4

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